In 1908, Hardy and Weinberg present a law describing how the proportions of dominant and recessive genetic traits would be propagated in a large population. This establishes the mathematical basis for population genetics.

Read MoreAs new discoveries are constantly being made in the field of mathematics, there are still a number of unsolved problems. Many of these problems, once solved, will help to improve the quality of our daily lives. In 2000, the Clay Mathematics Institute selected 7 different unsolved problems and offered a prize of $1 million per…

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