A University of Rochester study shows that baboons are able to understand numbers. Experimenters showed the monkeys peanut-filled cups and the monkeys then chose which cup contained more peanuts. Read more about the experiment and its conclusions...
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Mathematics is one of the oldest and most fundamental sciences. Mathematicians do research in fields such as logic, set theory, abstract algebra, number theory, geometry, topology, dynamical systems, combinatorics, game theory, probability, and statistics. Although math has numerous applications, mathematicians also find math interesting in its own right.
A Ph.D. in mathematics is usually needed to work as a mathematician, although there are some opportunities for those with a master’s degree. There are also more job opportunities for those who have experience in a related field, such as computer science or engineering.
College Algebra Trigonometry Calculus I, II, III Linear Algebra Ordinary Differential Equations Real Analysis Abstract Algebra Theory of Analysis Complex Analysis This is a very basic list; most mathematicians will study all the math they can and will study additional topics depending on their interests.
Mathematicians use mathematical theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and the latest computer technology to solve economic, scientific, engineering, and business problems. There are two broad classes of mathematicians: those who work in theoretical mathematics and those who work in applied mathematics (although there's a lot of overlap).
Many mathematicians work for the Federal Government, with about 80 percent of those working for the U.S. Department of Defense. Other positions within the Federal Government include working for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Other employers include technical consulting services and insurance carriers. Many mathematicians are employed as university faculty and divide their time between teaching and research.
The British mathematician Alan Turing is credited with helping to end World War II. Without Turing’s help cracking the Enigma code, British and American intelligence would not have been able to capture the German secrets that they did. Churchill even admitted that without Turing’s contributions, the war would have dragged on for much longer.
The most common question students ask math teachers at every level is “When will I use math?” WeUseMath.org is a non-profit website that helps to answer this question. This website describes the importance of mathematics and many rewarding career opportunities available to students who study mathematics.