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Mathematics is one of the oldest and most fundamental sciences. Mathematicians do research in fields such as logic, set theory, abstract algebra, number theory, geometry, topology, dynamical systems, combinatorics, game theory, probability, and statistics. Although math has numerous applications, mathematicians also find math interesting in its own right.

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A Ph.D. in mathematics is usually needed to work as a mathematician, although there are some opportunities for those with a master’s degree. There are also more job opportunities for those who have experience in a related field, such as computer science or engineering.

Math Required: 

College Algebra Trigonometry Calculus I, II, III Linear Algebra Ordinary Differential Equations Real Analysis Abstract Algebra Theory of Analysis Complex Analysis This is a very basic list; most mathematicians will study all the math they can and will study additional topics depending on their interests.

When Math Is Used: 

Mathematicians use mathematical theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and the latest computer technology to solve economic, scientific, engineering, and business problems. There are two broad classes of mathematicians: those who work in theoretical mathematics and those who work in applied mathematics (although there's a lot of overlap).

Potential Employers: 

Many mathematicians work for the Federal Government, with about 80 percent of those working for the U.S. Department of Defense. Other positions within the Federal Government include working for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Other employers include technical consulting services and insurance carriers. Many mathematicians are employed as university faculty and divide their time between teaching and research.


The British mathematician Alan Turing is credited with helping to end World War II. Without Turing’s help cracking the Enigma code, British and American intelligence would not have been able to capture the German secrets that they did. Churchill even admitted that without Turing’s contributions, the war would have dragged on for much longer.

User offline. Last seen 2 years 41 weeks ago. Offline
Joined: 06/29/2011
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hi!i'm a graduate of bs mathematics minor in computer science, 5 years ago here in the Philippines.I was employed in a bank for five years but my work is not related to mathematics. I was amazed because as a mathematician I can also earned the stated salary above.Is it possible that I can still look for a job related to my course?

The most common question students ask math teachers at every level is “When will I use math?” is a non-profit website that helps to answer this question. This website describes the importance of mathematics and many rewarding career opportunities available to students who study mathematics.



Figures represent salary potential.


Dr. Cary Oberije, a postdoctoral researcher in The Netherlands, has found that mathematical models can be used to accurately predict patients' responses to treatment. Prediction models were used to analyze lung cancer patients' likelihood of survival and...

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