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A geographer is a scientist whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's physical environment and human habitat. Geographers study not only the physical details of the environment but also its impact on human and wildlife ecologies, weather and climate patterns, economics, and culture.

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Graduates with master’s degrees in applied specialties usually are qualified for positions outside of colleges and universities, although requirements vary by field. A Ph.D. degree may be required for higher-level positions. Bachelor’s degree holders have limited opportunities and do not qualify for most occupations. A bachelor’s degree does, however, provide a suitable background for many different kinds of entry-level jobs.

Math Required: 

College Algebra Geometry Trigonometry Calculus I and II Quantitative Reasoning Statistics

When Math Is Used: 

Training in math and statistics is essential for many geographers. They are increasingly using mathematical and quantitative research methods to solve the issues and problems dealing with geography. For example, geographers use mathematical calculations in order to identify population centers in the United States and China. Geographers also work extensively with maps and tables.

Potential Employers: 

About 41 percent work for Federal, State, and local governments, mostly for the Federal Government. Other employers include scientific research and development services; management, scientific, and technical consulting services; business, professional, labor, political, and similar organizations; and architectural, engineering, and related firms.


A literal translation of “geography” would be "to describe or write about the Earth."

The first person to use the word "geography" was Eratosthenes around 200 B.C. He calculated the size of the Earth.


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Salary figures from
the current US Bureau of Labor of Statistics website and represent the
90th percentile.

The most common question students ask math teachers at every level is “When will I use math?” is a non-profit website that helps to answer this question. This website describes the importance of mathematics and many rewarding career opportunities available to students who study mathematics.


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Figures represent salary potential.


Dr. Cary Oberije, a postdoctoral researcher in The Netherlands, has found that mathematical models can be used to accurately predict patients' responses to treatment. Prediction models were used to analyze lung cancer patients' likelihood of survival and...

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