A computational biologist (bioinformatics) applies the techniques of computer science, applied mathematics, and statistics to address biological problems. His/her main focus lies on developing mathematical modeling and computational simulation techniques. By these means it addresses scientific research topics without a laboratory.
Low End Salary: $38,780Median Salary: $68,220High End Salary: $102,300
Until recently, there were no formal educational opportunities in computational biology at the graduate level. Therefore, most of the current practitioners and authorities in the field have a combination of degrees at the graduate (master's or doctorate) and undergraduate levels in mathematics, computer science, and biology. Today there are many computational biology programs at many schools across the United States.
College Algebra, Trigonometry, Calculus I and II, Linear Algebra, Numerical Analysis, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics
When Math is Used:
Computational biologists use math as they apply algorithms and statistical techniques to the interpretation, classification and understanding of biological data. These typically consist of large numbers of DNA, RNA, or protein sequences. They also are concerned with building computational models of biological systems and mathematically modeling the behavior or molecules.
Highly qualified individuals are in demand at academic, private, and government research institutes alike. Potential employers include the federal and state government, colleges, research development agencies, and pharmaceutical companies. Faster than average job growth is predicted. Projected growth is in the fields of research and development in biotechnology, especially genetics.
Many subfields of computational biology exist, including computational genomics, which is the study of genomes of cells and organisms. Currently, the Human Genome Project is set to sequence the entire human genome into a set of data. Once finished, this will allow doctors to analyze an individual patient's genome, their entire genetic hereditary information. Another important field is cancer computational biology, which uses an algorithmic approach to predict future mutations in cancer.